Irish History

8000 BC - Mesolithic hunter gathers arrive in Ireland.

4000 BC - Neolithic farmers arrive in Ireland.

3200 BC - Passage tombs in the Boyne Valley constructed (Newgrange, Knowth & Dowth).

2500 BC - Early Bronze Age - The first metalworkers learned how to extract copper ore from rock. The earliest known copper mine was at Ross Island, Killarney, Co. Kerry.

2400 BC - The first goldsmiths collected gold from rivers which they melted into ingots and hammered into shape to make sheet gold objects.

2200 BC - Metalsmiths learned to mix tin with copper producing a stronger metal called bronze.

500 BC - The Iron Age and the arrival of the Celts.

433 - St. Patrick's first converts to Christianity on the Hill of Tara.

807 - Kells Monastery founded by monks fleeing Viking attacks on Iona, an island off the Western coast of Scotland.

1541 - Henry VIII of England upgraded Ireland from a lordship to a full Kingdom. Henry was proclaimed King of Ireland at a meeting of the Irish Parliament.

1601 - The defeat of the Gaelic chiefs at the Battle of Kinsale.

1607 - The Flight of the Earls when Hugh O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone and Rory O'Donnell, 1st Earl of Tyrconnell, and about ninety followers left Ulster in Ireland for mainland Europe.

1641 - After a rebellion against Protestants, the Book of Kells was transferred to Trinity College in Dublin.

1845 - The Great Famine or the Great Hunger 1949 – Ireland officially became a Republic on April 18th, leaving the British Commonwealth.

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